learning outcomes

Want to developing that an instinct inherent in every human being, included to acquire new knowledge.

Learning is a way to gain knowledge, is a series of activities, starting with selecting the material to be studied, then catch the material in a way to see, read, hear, feel, etc., then store it in the brain memory.learninghrd

After the learning process completed, then the question arises, how much knowledge has been mastered? What measure?

Size one has mastered the knowledge, it can simply be described in 6 levels:    

  1. Can choose the correct answer from two answers, right and wrong. This is the beginning level of mastery. It is likely a coincidence (lucky) or otherwise misinterpreted the question.
  2. Can choose the correct answer from multiple answers. Slightly higher level of mastery, is a coincidence or misinterpreted the question and or answer.
  3. Can tell the  content or summaries of knowledge learned. HavesixStepbelajar mastered the most part, at least the main points of the knowledge learned, reflected in the form of words.
  4. Can write the contents or a summary of the knowledge learned. At this level has fully mastered the knowledge, concluded, it can convey back, structured, with his own style.
  5. Can use (implemented) the skills (if present in the material). Knowledge had penetrated into itself, have affected, directing his activities.
  6. Can mix of newly learned material with other knowledge already possessed, resulting concoction new knowledge.

Hope be useful

(atenSuharto) as130413  http://wp.me/p3a9-8g

 

easy to maintain Grass garden

* apication of easy steps to solve the problem

It would be nice if you see the home page decorated neat lawn, fresh green, cool. More so if it has a clump of fragrant blooming flowers.rumput dago

Planting grass is not difficult, just a few roots embedded in a stretch of land that has been leveled, formed, loosed, then often watered a lot of water, in 1-2 months have seen fresh lawn expanse.

But after a few months later, sometimes starting is difficult to treat, the lawn is not beautiful anymore, despite regular pruning (cutting).

Why the lawn so broken?

Let’s see.rumput bona liar2

It turns out in addition to lawn, weeds have grown too damaging grass, there are vines, some are growing tall. Thes deep in the ground.

Planting grass roots apparently not so deep into the ground, easily uprooted. Currently there are 3 popular types of grass planting, the elephant , mini elephant, and manila. The elephant have width leaf, segment length, lie down if the openspace is a lot of sunlight, rises in the shade,  usually remain loose subrumput bona liarsoil, must often be cut. Mini elephant, leaf width, short segments, lie down, slow growing, does not need to be frequently cut, grow tight, compact subsoil. Manila silky soft, the leaves resemble the stem, rather slow-growing, fast to dry, need frequent watering, if late to cut, the inside can be damaged and decayed.

How to treat?tamanCikas

The main thing to do in order to plant lawn is maintained by removing weeds, not enough to simply cut, with all the roots have to pull out, it may be necessary tools such as pliers clamp puller. Need extra work to remove weeds among in the mini elephant, because sandwiched by dense planting of lawn stems and squeezed the hardened soil.

Revocation should be done when the new wild plants grow, their roots do not go too deep into the soil, it is easier if the soil wet.

Cutting and fertilizing is done as needed, usually not so difficult. If also planted ornamental plants, more beautiful if arranged match, which is small in front of it behind.

Good luck.

Easy steps to solve the problem, Observe, Concluse, Realize

Observations feels incomplete without conclusions, conclusions without deep observation could be farther from the truth, observations and conclusions without realize a vain work, realize without observations and conclusions can be far from expectations. (Aten-Asri)

(atenSuharto) as130419   http://wp.me/p3aea9-97

effective step to Moping Floor

 

* aplication easy steps to solve the problem

We’re happy if the floors look clean shiny fragrant, but they are not, sometimes there are parts that seem opaque sticky greasy, usually around the kitchen. Yes, that’s a problem, a state / reality that does not conform to your expectations or our standards (prof Azrul Anwar: quality standards).

What did happen?

Let’s Observe. Apparently there was a layer of dirt on the floor solid. attached together with a layer of fat on the surface of the floor. Floor surface was not perfectly flat, there are many fine holes (pores), thousands, perhaps millions, grease with dirt getting into it.

Mops usually consists of a mop made of silky soft cotton fibers, plastic bucket, water, and floor liquid cleaner. The process begins mop bucket filled with water half or less, added liquid floor cleaner, mop dipped then squeezed usually wear strong by hands (hands become contaminated), then moping, dipped again, dub, squeezed, repeatedly.

Why can not muck up?

Concentrated mixture of grease and grime can only be removed by using a powerful eroded, while wonderfully soft mop. Fat is lighter than water, floating on the water a lot, when mop is not enough water so that the fat does not float, even more attached. Floor cleaning fluid containing materials have some sort of dirt and wax bullets that will cover the pores. Cleaning the floors were not effective enough when using the tool and the normal way.

How can be more effective?

To scrape off dirt need a brush or mop a strong fibrous, to remove impurities need more water when moping (such as car washes), and change the way of an off dirty mop. Cleaning fluid is useful to shed fat and impurities, materials such as wax fills pores so the dirt does not easily attached and as a polishing agent.

There is now a mop subtle but strong fibrous, yellow ScothBrite striking, also a mop bucket with a squeezer, Claris powerpelas-mop mop bucket, usually available in Indonesia supermarket, Carrefure, Superindo and Rumah Kita. Complete mop up the price of IDR 80,000, lasting for up to 30,000 square meters (a year to the medium house, the mop bucket IDR 80,000 for up to 5 years, if the calculated cost per month divided by the purchase of just under IDR 7,000, less than the maximum results.

Moping a more effective way, the first bucket filled with water at least ¾ parts, pour liquid floor cleaner can be sticky enough not to excess (better add 1-2 drops liquid deterjent for oily floor), enter mops, mop handles circled left right direction alternately using both hands, lift put on the squeezer hole, turn slowly (not pressed), then press gently gathered fabric to ½ the water out (it still contains a lot of water).

Then first moping with sweeping gestures such as left to right direction while walking backward (not forward andmoping2 backward direction, the dirt can be left behind), then dip the mop into the bucket, turn the handle of a mop with without pressure, after the fabric firmly press gathered up as much water as possible out, lift.

Second moping (rubbing) while absorbing water the floor above (merged with dirt), a powerful rotary lift bags, squeeze gently back, mop again, over and over.  The water in the bucket will moping3appear more turbid, indicating that more dirt off the floor.

This method is also good for cleaning tables, furniture, etc., first flush chamois cloth with water, wring half, put a drop of liquid floor cleaner (or dip into the bucket contents + water purifier), wiped the table with a cloth pressed to exit the water, wring out cloth lift, second rubbing left and right direction while moving back or circular motion gradually into the starting edge of the table.  Twinkling is clean, shiny, fragrant, we happy.

By way of the above does require more power, may sweat, but relieved when saw the floor was clean and shiny, fragrant, rough trampled, plus sport.

Let’s try, then give this paper to enrich enter.

Easy steps to solve the problem, Observe, Conclude, Realize

Observations feels incomplete without conclusions, conclusions without profound observation could be further from the truth, observations and conclusions without embodies a vain work, realize without observations and conclusions can be far from expectations. (Aten-Asri) 

 (AtenSuharto) as130314  http://wp.me/p3aea9-39

Belajar Efektif prof Azrul Azwar

*pengalaman bersama Prof.Dr.dr. Azrul Azwar, MPH

Belajar merupakan naluri yang melekat pada setiap manusia, menjadi kebutuhan yang sangat mendasar, berbuat merupakan perwujudan hasil belajar. Demikian pula keinginan untuk berkembang, termasuk keinginkan mendapatkan hasil belajar yang yang lebih baik.

Hasil belajar sangat ditentukan pada cara belajar yang digunakan, untuk itu banyak yang berlomba-lomba mempelajari dan mengembangkan tehnik belajar yang diharapkan semakin efektif, efisien, mudah, menarik, menyenangkan.

Saya mendapatkan pelajaran cara belajar efektif dari Prof. Azrul Azwar, guru berjalan, mengajarkan dengan bahasa gerak, contoh perbuatan, seperti yang dilakukan oleh Steve Jobb, presenter no 1 dunia, pemilik industri komputer terbesar, Apel, yang mengajarkan teknik presentasi kreatif melalui perbuatan yang kemudian menjadi acuan dan kajian utama di seluruh dunia.

Pelajaran pertama dari dr. Azrul (dokter muda) saya dapat tahun 1974, saat menemani perjalanan menuju ke tempat kerja di Puskesmas terpencil Serpong. Saya perhatikan, amati, selama perjalanan dr. Azrul merenung, membaca banyak bahan, sekali-kali bertanya, membuat tulisan, catatan coretan, sket, diagram. Tiba di Puskesmas tujuan sudah larut malam, lelah ngantuk, namun bliau tidak istirahat, tapi langsung duduk dihadapan mesin tik manual, mengetik cepat dengan gaya khas 11 jari, mewujudkan apa yang diamati direnung disimpulkan, pada lembar-lembar kertas tik putih agak mangkak, sebagian dituangkan di atas kertas master stensil, kemudian langsung diperbanyak dicetak stensil diatas kertas putih buram (sama jenis dengan kertas koran), rupanya bahan tersebut untuk projek pengembangan masyarakat keluarga berencana kerjasama FKUI-Univ Leiden.

Baru-baru ini saya baca banyak literatur tentang manajemen pembelajaran,  ternyata saat itu 40 tahun lalu, dr. Azrul telah menerapkan dan mengajarkan saya suatu proses belajar kreatif yang terdiri dari 3 langkah yakni Amati, Simpulkan, Ujudkan (ASU), yang hingga kini masih efektif digunakan, belum tergantikan, bahkan cara seperti ini saat ini digunakan oleh lembaga-lembaga pendidikan eksklusif seperti sekolah formal plus bertaraf internasional.

Saat bersama dr. Azrul Saat, di PKBI (1972-1976) dan PKMI (1985-1998) saya melihat dengan langkah ini banyak tulisan, kegiatan, program, kesuksesan dihasilkan.

Langkah ini juga sangat manfaat untuk mempelajari masalah keseharian, salah satunya saya tuangkan dalam tulisan “mau sehat? Sholat”. (http://wp.me/p3aea9-9)

Memang untuk mendapatkan gambaran yang lengkap tentang suatu hal, permasalahan, keadaan, lebih baik jika dilakukan melalui pengamatan yang mendalam dengan memanfaatkan

perbendaharaan memori ingatan dan tambahan lain yang mendukung, informasi, teori, pengalaman, dsb, kemudian dianalisa, simpulkan, ringkas (extract), gambarkan hubungan antar unsur, sebab akibat dsb, selanjutnya ujudkan sebagai acuan berbuat, anjuran, konsep intervensi kreativ, program, dsb.

Pengamatan tanpa kesimpulan rasanya tak lengkap, kesimpulan tanpa pengamatan mendalam bisa jauh dari kebenaran, pengamatan dan kesimpulan tanpa diujudkan merupakan kerja sia-sia, ujudkan tanpa pengamatan dan kesimpulan bisa jauh dari harapan. (aten-asri)

Terima kasih prof Azrul yang telah memberikan sesuatu yang sangat manfaat, rasanya baik jika dikembangkan, disebarluaskan, lebih lagi jika dijadikan suatu gerakan. (atenS) as130307 http://wp.me/p3aea9-1x